**Paradoxes (W)**

*Also offered Spring 2013*

There are three grains of sand on my desk. This is unfortunate, but at least there isn't a heap of sand on my desk. That would be really worrisome. On the other hand, there

*is*a heap of sand in my backyard. I don't know how exactly how many grains of sand are in this heap, but let's say 100,000. My daughter removes one grain of sand. I don't know why, she just does. It seems like there is still a heap of sand in my backyard. In fact, it seems like you can't change a heap of sand into something that isn't a heap of sand by removing one grain of sand. Right? But now we have a problem. By repeated application of the same reasoning, it seems that even after she removes 99,997 grains of sand--I don't know what she wants with all this sand, but I'm starting to worry about that girl--there is still a heap of sand in my backyard. But three grains isn't enough for a heap. So there is not a heap in my backyard. Now I'm confused. Where did my reasoning go wrong? What we have here is an example of the*sorites*paradox. It is a paradox, because I started with seemingly true statements and used valid reasoning to arrive at contradictory conclusions. We can learn a lot about logic, language, epistemology and metaphysics by thinking through and attempting to resolve paradoxes. In this class, we'll work together to think through some ancient and contemporary paradoxes. We'll also work on writing lucid prose that displays precisely the logical structure of arguments, engages in focused critique of these arguments, and forcefully presents arguments of our own. Other topics could include: Zeno's paradoxes of motion and plurality, the liar's paradox, the surprise exam paradox, paradoxes of material constitution, Newcomb's*Problem*, and the Prisoner's*Dilemma.***seminar**

*Class Format:***several short writing assignments and a longer final paper**

*Requirements/Evaluation:*

*Additional Info:*

*Additional Info2:***none**

*Prerequisites:***first- and second-year students**

*Enrollment Preference:*

*Department Notes:*

*Material and Lab Fees:*

*Distribution Notes:***Division II,Writing Intensive**

*Divisional Attributes:*

*Other Attributes:***19**

*Enrollment Limit:***19**

*Expected Enrollment:***1479**

*Class Number:*CLASSES | ATTR | INSTRUCTORS | TIMES | CLASS NUMBER | ENRL | CONSENT |
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

PHIL126-01(F) SEM Paradoxes (W) | Keith E. McPartland |
MR 1:10 PM-2:25 PM Schapiro Hall 141 | 1479 |