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In 1957, when it was clear the African Nation Congress was unwilling to change its multiracialist and nonracialist language in favor of Africanist pronouncements, Robert Mangaliso Sobukwe left the party and became the editor of The Africanist newspaper. Two years later he formed the Pan-Africanist Congress. Similarly frustrated that the National Union of South African Students was dominated by white liberals, in 1968 Bantu Steve Biko helped form the black-only South Africa Students’ Organization and, four years later, was the key figure in founding of the Black People’s Convention, created to promote black consciousness ideas within the broader South African population. This course focuses on Sobukwe’s Africanist project and Biko’s Black Consciousness Movement, the strategies against apartheid they promoted, and the visions of a free South Africa they imagined.
Format: seminar; Hybrid
Grading: yes pass/fail option,
no fifth course option
class participation; 3 two-page response papers; and a 10-12 final paper.
Political Science Majors, Global Studies Concentrators, Africana Studies Concentrators
This course is cross-listed and the prefixes carry the following divisional credit:
PSCI Comparative Politics Courses