The department regularly offers four levels of instruction in Modern Standard Chinese (Mandarin), designed to enable the student to become proficient in aural comprehension, speaking, reading, and writing, as well as Classical Chinese, and, on an irregular basis, introductory courses in Cantonese, Taiwanese, Chinese linguistics, and Second Language Acquisition. The course numbering system for Mandarin is sequential. Students move from Chinese 101-102 to 201, 202, 301, 302, 401, 402. Independent study (Chinese 497, 498) may be offered depending on student needs and available resources. Those students entering with proficiency in Chinese should see the Coordinator concerning placement. The department also offers courses on Chinese literature and culture in English translation or Chinese for students who wish to become acquainted with the major achievements in Chinese literary, intellectual and cultural history. For the purpose of the distribution requirement, all courses in Chinese are considered Division I unless otherwise noted. More information can be found on the Asian Studies website.